Hurricanes can destroy everything that you have spent so many years to create. However, if you take some safety precautions and make a list of all things you need to do to escape a hurricane, you can manage to salvage things that can help you set up for life anew, just in case you lose your home. Read more about hurricane safety facts below.

Being prepared is extremely important and do not wait until a warning is issued to get ready. In fact be sure that you have everything that you need to evacuate much before the hurricane season is on the horizon.

7 Things you must do to protect yourself from Hurricanes

As part of the hurricane safety facts, Keeping as protected and comfortable as possible during this unforeseeable time is of the utmost importance. This entails being prepared, prepared, and prepared. This includes but is not limited to:

  1. Evacuate (knowing your evacuation zone)

Plan to relocate if you are in an evacuation zone or if you live in a mobile home.

The best way to escape from being damaged by hurricanes is by not being there. When the authorities issue a warning for a hurricane, make sure that you have your evacuation process mapped out and have contacted relatives in areas that are safe, so that you can move with bag ad baggage and move in with them until the situation in your home town has come back to normal.

You may lose your home, or the damage may escape it, you can never be too sure. So just make sure you have packed all that you need to relocate and start a fresh. Make sure your car is serviced and your tank is full of gas.

  1. Insurance

Ensure there is adequate insurance for all vehicles, personal property and real estate. If you rent or lease an apartment, make sure you have renter’s insurance.

  1. Identify your risk of flood damage

If your home is at risk of flooding, call your insurance company to review their flood policies. Many insurance companies require extra coverage for this.

 

  1. Prepare hurricane ready kits ( Hurricane safety facts)

Prepare yourself to be without food and water for minimum of 3 days or longer. A few things you will need are; canned and non-perishable foods, 1 gallon of water per day per person for 3-7days; cooking tools, camp stove and fuel, lantern, candles, lighters, and matches; flashlights and batteries, cell phone, cooler with ice, baby necessities and special items, elderly items, toiletries, tape, valuable documents, Id and records; games for children, blankets, towels, clothing and a first aid kit, keys, garbage bags, pet items, a fire extinguisher, chain saw, gas and oil, plywood, nails, rope and small tools. Please be aware this is a general list.

  1. Practice

When the hurricanes strike you do not want to waste time and you want to leave as soon as possible. Make sure that you and all the other members of your family have practiced how to get out of a sticky situation by performing drills of evacuation a few times.

  1. Electricity and Gas

It is going to be difficult to figure out how to turn off the gas and electricity supply when you are getting ready to evacuate your home. Therefore, make sure you have checked with companies in advance and are well aware of how you should turn the power off when you are getting out of the house.

7. Keep in Touch (Create a family household disaster plan)

In case the family gets separated, have an out-of-town relative you can call or a place to go to where each person can get shelter and safety. It is also smart to have a backup plan in case plan A goes wrong.

Your family and Friends may be worried and therefore you have to make an effort to stay in touch with them constantly. Make sure your kids have all numbers of people they can contact in case you are out of reach. Let others know of your whereabouts and plans.

By keeping a few hurricane safety facts and tips in mind, you can be prepared to get out safe and sound from the threat of an impending hurricane. Be alert and watch the news for any updates and make every effort you can to stay safe and keep your children away from harm’s way. It may also help to know what hurricane category is common in your region.

Images of Hurricane survival Kits

hurricane safety facts
hurricane survival First aid kit

 

hurricane survival kits
hurricane supplies

What are Hurricanes?

According to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), “Hurricanes are large, swirling storms. They produce winds of 119 kilometers per hour (74 mph) or higher. That’s faster than a cheetah, the fastest animal on land. Winds from a hurricane can damage buildings and trees”.

Hurricanes are formed over warm ocean waters and they can sometimes strike on land. If a hurricane strikes the land, it forces a wall of ocean water away from the ocean to the land. This wall of ocean is referred to as a storm surge. Such a storm surge from hurricane with or without a heavy rainfall can cause flooding.

Categories of Hurricane

Basically, there are five categories of hurricanes. These categories are categorized based on their wind speed as recorded by the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale.

Category 1 hurricane: Very dangerous winds, produces mild damage

The category 1 hurricane has a wind speed ranging between 74 and 95 mph. This speed is enough to strike people, animals, pets, and mobile home could as well be destroyed. Homes with protected glass windows will survive this category of hurricane without any major damage. Other frame homes and shops may suffer a mild damage and snapped power lines could cause a short-term power outage.

Previous events
1. 2008 Hurricane Dolly that whipped through southern Texas
2. 2012 Hurricane Sandy of Jamaica which became weakened before it reached the east coast of America.

Category 2 hurricane: Extremely dangerous winds, causes extensive damage

The category 2 hurricane has a wind speed ranging between 96 and 110mph. This poses a bigger risk of injury or even death to humans, animal and pets. It may likely affect both the older and newer mobile homes. Apartment buildings, frame homes, and shopping centers may experience a major roof and siding damage, and many trees may be uprooted. Hurricane category 2 can cause power outage for a considerable number of days.

Previous event:
1. 2004 hurricane Frances that hit the west coast of Florida
2. Category 3 hurricane: Devastating damage will occur

Category 3 hurricane: Aggressively dangerous winds, causes severe damage

The category 3 hurricane has a wind speed of between 111 to 129 mph. This is enough to cause injury or death to people, animals, and pets. Almost all older mobile homes will be destroyed and the new ones may not escape. In fact, well-built homes and industrial buildings may also suffer a significant damage and larger trees may be uprooted. Water and Electricity may be completely unavailable for weeks.

Previous events
1. 2005 hurricane Wilma that reaches Florida’s coast
2. Hurricane Katrina that hit Louisiana
3. Hurricane Irma started has a category 3 hurricane before escalating to category 5, the second strongest Atlantic hurricane known!

Category 4 hurricane: Catastrophic damage will occur

The category 4 hurricanes have a wind speed of between 130 to 156 mph. The falling and flying debris at this high wind speed carries a huge risk and can cause severe damage or death to people, livestock, and pets. Just like the previous, older mobile homes and even newer ones will be destroyed. Some frame home may collapse totally while well-built houses may experience severe damage to their roofs. Apartment houses can also experience severe damages to their upper floors.

Furthermore, the category 4 hurricanes will destroy most windows of high buildings, uproot larger trees, and destroy power lines. In the end, it can make the affected area totally inaccessible and inhabitable for weeks.

Previous events
1. August 2017 hurricane Harvey in Texas

Category 5 hurricane: Catastrophic damage will occur

The category 5 hurricane is the highest hurricane category known with a wind speed as high as 157 mph and above. Of course, people, livestock, and pets are at a higher risk of danger. If not all, most mobile homes will be destroyed and a higher percentage of frame homes will be affected. Commercial buildings with roofs made of wood will suffer severe damage while those made of metal may collapse. Tall buildings may also have their windows blown out! Generally, people should expect a long-term water and power outage.

Previous events
1. 1992 hurricane Andrew in Florida
2. 1969 hurricane Camille
3. 1935 “Labor Day” hurricane

Images of Hurricane Destruction

hurricane harvey
Hurricane Harvey
hurricane irma
hurricane irma
hurricane sandy
hurricane sandy

References:
https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/nasa-knows/what-are-hurricanes-k4.html
http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2013/20130411_sandynameretiredt.html