Hurricane Facts for kids are interesting and a good read for teachers or students who want to learn more about hurricanes. If you are a teacher, student or hurricane enthusiast, you have come to the right page for hurricane facts.

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Now that you are here, find some good hurricane facts below.

18 Hurricane Facts for Kids

  1. Hurricanes are huge tropical storms that produce hefty rainfall and super-strong winds.

 

  1. Hurricanes form over warm ocean waters near the equator. The warm, moist air above the ocean surface rises, causing air from surrounding areas to be “sucked” in. This “new” air then turn into warm and moist, and also rise, starting a nonstop cycle that forms clouds. The clouds then rotate with the spin of the Earth. If there is enough warm water to feed the storm, a hurricane forms!

 

  1. Hurricanes revolve round a circular center called the “eye“, where it is generally calm with no clouds. The most dangerous part of the hurricane with the strongest winds, thickest clouds and heaviest rain is the eye wall (Surrounding the eye).

 

  1. The eye of a hurricane can be anywhere from 2 miles (3.2 kilometers) in diameter to over 200 miles (320 kilometers) but they are usually around 30 miles (48 kilometers). The winds around the eye of a hurricane are usually the strongest.

 

  1. Other names for a hurricane include cyclone, typhoon and tropical storm. While they are essentially the same thing, the different names usually indicate where the storm took place.

 

  1. Heavy rain as well as violent winds, hurricanes can also create tornadoes, high waves and widespread flooding.

 

  1. Hurricanes are regions of low atmospheric pressure (also known as a depression).
  2. The Bhola Cyclone, which struck Bangladesh in 1970, killed at least 300,000 people, and possibly up to a million (records were also destroyed, so it’s hard to know exact numbers).

 

  1. Hurricane Katrina, the storm that destroyed New Orleans, USA in 2005, killed over 1800 people and caused over 100 billion dollars in damages.
hurricane katrina
Hurricane Katrina 2005
  1. The hurricane with the highest ever recorded wind speeds was Super-Typhoon Tip that occurred in 1979, the great storm of over 2000km wide, winds clocked at 310 km/h (190 miles per hour) and affected Guam, Japan and Soviet Union (Russian federation).

 

  1. Tropical Storm Marco, which hit Veracruz, Mexico in 2008, was the smallest hurricane ever recorded, at only 37km in diameter.

 

  1. Most hurricanes occur harmlessly out at sea. However, while they move towards land they can be extremely hazardous and cause serious damages.

 

  1. The strong spiraling winds of a hurricane can reach speeds of up to 320kmph – strong enough to rip up entire trees and destroy buildings!

 

  1. Hurricanes rotate in a clockwise direction in the southern hemisphere, and rotate in an anti-clockwise direction in the northern hemisphere. This is due to what’s called the Coriolis Force, produced by the Earth’s rotation.

 

  1. When a hurricane reaches land it often produces a “storm surge“. This is when the great winds drive the sea toward the shore, causing water levels to rise and creating large crashing waves. Storm surges can also reach 6m high and extend to over 150km!

 

  1. Hurricanes usually form in tropical areas of the world.

 

  1. Hurricanes develop over warm water and use it as an energy source.

 

  1. The largest hurricane on record is Typhoon Tip, which occurred in 1979 in the northwest Pacific. With a diameter of around 2,220km, it was nearly half the size of the United States!

If you live in a region where a hurricane is likely to strike in its season, please read some hurricane safety tips on this website. Also find on our website the different categories of hurricanes and their meaning.

Hurricane Meaning

Hurricanes are also known as cyclones and typhoons. They are gigantic storms that occur in the tropical seas of the world. This means that they can only occur at the tropical areas, such as the South Atlantic Ocean, Eastern Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea.

Causes of Hurricanes

The key ingredients to the formation of tropical cyclones are warm water, upper-level winds, and moist warm air. Hurricanes are initiated when the warm, moist air from the surface of oceans begins to rise rapidly and collide with the mass of cooler air. This collision prompts the warm vapor to condense, transform into storm clouds, and returning as rain. Latent heat is evolved during this rainfall (condensation) process which warms the cool air above. This causes the cool air to rise and create the way for warmer, humid air from the ocean to rise.

how hurricanes form

As this cycle continues, warmer, moist air is getting involved in the mounting storm and more heat is transferred from the ocean surface to the atmosphere. The continuous exchange of heat develops a wind-like pattern that spins around.

This storm will continue as long as the condition remains the same and there is enough fuel to keep the storm going. The rotating storm will become more powerful and eventually become a hurricane. The hurricane continues to gather strength and momentum, an opening is formed at the center, known as the “eye”.

Consequently, the eye becomes the core center of the storm and the strongest wind occurs near the eye. This means that the wind gets stronger as you move closer to the eye. The area surrounding the eye is called the eyewall. A fully developed tropical storm can reach a speed of 200miles per hour. The speed of a hurricane is the major factor of classifying hurricanes into categories.

Eventually, if the tropical cyclone loses energy, which means that it has reached the cooler waters at the shores, they start to become wean and die off.

Stages of tropical cyclone

  1. Tropical depression: Wind speeds below 38 mph or 61.15 kph
  2. Tropical Storm: Winds speeds ranging from 39 mph to 73 mph or 62.76 kph to 117.48 kph
  3. Hurricane: Winds speed over 74 mph or 119.09 kph

Effects of hurricane

Storm surge and tidal flooding

Storm surge is a notable and the most devastating effect of hurricanes. Storm surge is the rising of the wall of water from the ashore together with the land-falling hurricane and is responsible for about 90% of all deaths during a hurricane.

High Winds

This is an obvious feature of a hurricane. It determines the category of and how strong a hurricane is and how much damage the storm can cause. There are 5 categories of hurricanes according to their speed.

Tornadoes

Probably, this is a rare event during hurricanes. Tornadoes occur during hurricanes due to the immense energy and instability initiated when a hurricane causes landfall. Notable, tornadoes formed during hurricanes are minimal in strength.

Heavy rain and flooding

Heavy rainfall is also an important effect of hurricanes. The rainfall from hurricanes is tremendous enough to make a major impact, such as a flood.

References:

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/10/hurricanes-facts-storms-weather-science/

https://www.eartheclipse.com/natural-disaster/causes-and-effects-hurricanes.html

You may also read about: Hurricane Safety Facts and Hurricane Categories